amsterdam - Like every year, UNESCO, the UN's cultural subdivision, has again selected this year from the numerous applications for World Heritage status. Seventeen places last week received the coveted status, including the Palestinian city of Hebron, to the great horror of the Israelis who believe that the city is more in Jewish history than in Islamic. Election often means that the place can expect a lot of tourists, even though some places are unsuitable for this, for example, nature reserve.
The new 17 World Heritage goods in a row:
The Aphrodite temple in southwestern Turkey dates back to the third century BC, and is especially famous for the abundant use of marble won in a neighboring mine. The complex includes temples, a theater, an agora and two bath houses.
The capital of Eritrea is at a height of about 2000 meters and was only designed by the Italians since 1890. This resulted in an exceptional example of early modernist urbanization, incorporating all the architectural ideas of the Italians in the center of the time. The other African neighborhoods around it contrast strongly because they were not planned in any way.
The cathedral is part of a monastery of the same name and is located on the island of Zvijasks where the Wolga, the Svijaga and the Shoeka Rivers meet. The city was founded by Iwan the Terrible in 1551 and functioned as an advanced military post from which Kazan conquest took place on the Mongols and Islams.
The six caves served for about 10,000 years as a residence for our ancestors about 43,000 years ago. Countless artifacts were found in the caves with images of cave lions, mammoths, horses and cattle. The found artefacts belong to the elders in the world and give a good picture of the position and development of figurative art over the decades.
The ancient city of Hebron is characterized by the use of a local limestone species and is an important pilgrimage site for the three monotheistic beliefs that believe that the aatrian father Abraham is buried.
Yazd is located on a plateau, 370 kilometers southeast of Isfahan in the middle of a desert. The city is built around a water canal system and is wondering to escape the modernization. The result is a traditional city, with traditional earthy houses, the qanat system of canals, traditional bazars, mosques, synagogues and temples.
At the edge of the Arctic Circle of Ice Cream, in the tenth century BC, a landscape proved to be an attempt to cultivate agriculture, both by the Inuit and the Norwegians from Iceland and Norway.
Kulangsu is a small island in the river delta of the Chiu-lung river. In 1903 the island became the place where foreigners could settle and trade. The result is an exceptional cultural fusion in which all kinds of architectural styles from all over the world exist.
The city of Mbanza Congo was the capital of the kingdom of Congo, one of the largest in southern Africa, from the 14th to the 19th century. In the city, it is a good thing to influence the Portuguese, putting them down as first stone buildings and bringing Christianity with them.
To date, the sacred island of Okinoshima has remained intact, giving it an excellent picture of the changes in religious rituals from the fourth century AD to now. The numerous sacrifices come from the entire region, from China, Kora, South-East Asia and give a good picture of the interrelationships of that time.
Taputapuatea is part of the French Polynesia in the Pacific and is one of the last places on earth where humans have nestled. The new World Heritage site has two valleys, part of the lagoon, a coral reef and part of the ocean. In the middle is the marae, a place where ceremonies took place and funeral rituals. Marae are everywhere in Polynesia where the living can communicate with their ancestors.
The lead, silver and zinc mines of Tarnowkie Gory are famous for their three centuries old underground water system where the water had to be pumped permanently to ensure that the mines did not fall. That water was transported to cities in nearby industries.
The archaeological sites belonging to Sambor Prei Kuk (Temple of the Jungle Empire) date back to the 6th century AD and are thus older than the Angkor complexes. The sculpture of this period and the architecture was later used in the development of the unique Khmer style of the Angkor era.
Originally formed during the Ice Age, the valleys in the Lakedistrict are now famous for their stone walls used to turn off the meadows for the sheep. This human activity, together with countless idyllic lakes, rivers, forests and rugged hilltops was a source of inspiration for later Romanticism. Painters, poets, sculptors, all of them inspired the Lakedistrict.
Valonga Wert is located in the heart of Rio de Janeiro and was built as transit huts for the transportation of slaves. It is estimated that around 900,000 slaves entered through Valango Wharf South America. It is the most important place on the American continent that witnesses the slave trade.
From the 15th to the 17th century, throughout the Adriatic Sea, fortifications were established by the Venetians to protect their trade routes. The arrival of powder shows how the military architects had to adapt their defenses to modern warfare.
The Khomani landscape is on the border with Botswana and Namibia in the north of South Africa and contains survivors of human activity from the Stone Age. In addition, the desert climate has formed the Khomani nomadic population and formed their ethnobotanic knowledge, cultural practices and worldview.
Located between the Russian Federation and Mongolia, the Daurian landscape is an example of how humans used the steppe to live up. The various landscape types, grassland, forest, lake and marshland are home to rare birds.
Located in the north of Patagonia in the Andes, the landscape is formed by various ice ages, which resulted in deep valleys through glacier formation and crystal clear lakes with their typical light blue glow of ice-cream. The area is almost untouched by human being is crucial for the protection of the last remains of the Patagonian oyster.
Located on the Tibetan plateau, Qinghai Hoh Xi is the largest and highest plateau in the world. The extensive area of high mountains with stepping systems at more than 4500 meters above sea level results in temperatures all year round or near zero, creating a unique flora and fauna.