havana - The former Cuban leader Fidel Castro is Saturday deceased. He was 90 years old. Notified by the Cuban state. The bearded, cigar-smoking Castro, nicknamed 'el Comandante', from 1959 to 2006 was the undisputed leader of Cuba. At that time he survived six hundred assassination attempts and defied the opposition of the United States, which saw the island as an outpost of the Soviet Union.
The coup of the right-wing General Fulgencio Batista in 1952, Castro ended up in politics. He joined an armed group who opposed Batista, who worked with the US. Castro presented itself after the conquest of Havana initially as a Democrat in 1959. But executions of Batista loyalists, including Che Guevara was involved, and the expropriation of companies and banks harmed his reputation. Under Castro's leadership Cuba was transformed into a communist state.
Opponents Castro not tolerated. Over the years, disappeared in droves dissidents behind bars. Torture were according to human rights organizations to the order of the day. Thousands of Cubans fled to America. Castro kept the trade embargo of the country responsible for the poor economic condition of his country.
In 2000, Castro met Bill Clinton, who was the first American president shook hands with the Cuban leader. Improving the relationship between the two countries, however, came only after brother Raul Castro in charge had taken over from Fidel, who has been kwakkelde his health and was rarely seen in public.